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Wednesday, August 20, 2014

United Nations Millennium Development Goals: Our Global Mission

What is the United Nations Millennium Development Goals (UN MDGs)?

The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are eight specific goals to be met by 2015 (~less than 1.3 years to go) that aims to combat extreme poverty across the world. These goals were agreed by United Nations Member States at the UN Millennium Summit in New York in 2000. This was the largest gathering of political leaders from around the world in history.

The goals range from decreasing poverty to halting the spread of HIV/AIDS, hunger, lack of adequate shelter while promoting gender equality, education, security and environmental sustainability. These form a blueprint agreed to by all the world’s countries and all the world’s leading development institutions and provide endeavours to meet the needs of the world’s poorest.

"Eradicating extreme poverty continues to be one of the main challenges of our time, and is a major concern of the international community. Ending this scourge will require the combined efforts of all, governments, civil society organizations and the private sector, in the context of a stronger and more effective global partnership for development. The Millennium Development Goals set timebound targets, by which progress in reducing income poverty, hunger, disease, lack of adequate shelter and exclusion — while promoting gender equality, health, education and environmental sustainability — can be measured. They also embody basic human rights — the rights of each person on the planet to health, education, shelter and security. The Goals are ambitious but feasible and, together with the comprehensive United Nations development agenda, set the course for the world’s efforts to alleviate extreme poverty by 2015. "  
~ United Nations Secretary-General BAN Ki-moon

These goals has been adopted by 189 nations and signed by 147 heads of state and include goals and targets:-
  1. Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
  2. Achieve universal primary education
  3. Promote gender equality and empower women
  4. Reduce child mortality
  5. Improve maternal health
  6. Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
  7. Ensure environmental sustainability
  8. Global partnership for development
As of date, there has been significant improvements across the boards of the goals.  Africa is still in the epicenter that still needs further changes compared to others that has persistent food shortage, extreme poverty, very high child and maternal mortality, people living in slums, which is a huge gap to most of the MDGs. Although Asia is the region with one of the faster progress, there hundreds of millions of people remain in extreme poverty that even fast-growing countries fail to achieve some of the non-income MDGs. Other regions have mixed records, with some with slow or no progress on some of the MDGs and persistent inequalities undermining progress on others.  This is reported on the UN website.

You'll get to know more about them in the next few days through a blog carnival that I've joined that would give you a better picture on what is currently going on and more importantly, how we can raise awareness.

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